Difference Between Hydrochloric Acid And Muriatic Acid

Hello friends welcome to Difference Between Hydrochloric Acid and Muriatic Acid. Today we are going to tell about the difference between Hydrochloric Acid and Muriatic Acid. Both muriatic acid and hydrochloric acid have the same chemical formula (HCl). The main difference between muriatic acid and hydrochloric acid is that hydrochloric acid is composed of HCl molecules only whereas muriatic acid is composed of impurities along with HCl molecules. When both consider purity in acids, hydrochloric acid is the pure form and muriatic acid contains impurities.

Hydrochloric-Acid-Photos-1
Hydrochloric-Acid-Photos-1

Hydrochloric Acid vs Muriatic Acid

Hydrochloric AcidMuriatic Acid
Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid with the chemical formula HClMuriatic acid is HCl with impurities
 Hydrochloric acid is very clear and water white in colourMuriatic acid is yellow in colour due to the presence of impurities such as traces of iron
Hydrochloric acid is composed only of HCl moleculesMuriatic Acid is composed of HCl along with other molecules such as H2SO4 and iron
Hydrochloric acid is the technical grade of the HCL product with no impuritiesMuriatic acid is a less pure or industrial grade version of hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid has relatively a high Baume rating valueMuriatic Acid has relatively a low Baume rating value

What is Muriatic Acid?

Let us tell you that the chemical formula of muriatic acid is HCl. Because of this, muriatic acid is also known as hydrochloric acid. But unlike hydrochloric acid, Miric acid is a yellowish solution because it contains impurities. The yellow color is due to the presence of small amounts of iron. Miric acid is prepared by distilling hydrochloric acid and salt (containing chloride ions). This preparation method causes the appearance of impurities in muriatic acid. However, these impurities cannot affect the applications of muriatic acid.

The Baum rating is a scale used to measure the density of a liquid. According to this scale, Miric acid has a lower Baum rating value than hydrochloric acid. Uses of muriatic acid include use as a cleaning agent for swimming pool water. To adjust the pH to the appropriate value. Muriatic acid is used to clean metal surfaces because the acid strength of muriatic acid is relatively low and not sufficient to dissolve the metal.

Hydrochloric Acid And Muriatic Acid
Muriatic Acid Photos

What is Hydrochloric Acid?

Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid with the chemical formula HCl. It is very corrosive in its concentrated form. Hydrochloric acid is a colorless solution prepared by dissolving hydrogen chloride (HCl) in water. The molar mass of hydrochloric acid is about 3605 g/mol. Hydrochloric acid is a monoprotic acid. This means that hydrochloric acid releases one proton (H+) per molecule in its aqueous solution. Therefore, hydrochloric acid dissociates completely in water.

Thus it has a high value for the acid dissociation constant (Ka). Hydrochloric acid has many applications in laboratory scale and industrial scale. One such industrial scale application is refining metals. This acid is used in metal refining because most of the metals are easily dissolved in it. An important use of hydrochloric acid is to remove rust (iron oxide) from iron or steel.

What is the Difference Between Hydrochloric Acid And Muriatic Acid?

Muriatic Acid – Muriatic acid is HCl with impurities.

Hydrochloric Acid – Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid with the chemical formula HCl.

Colour – 

Muriatic acid is yellow in colour due to the presence of impurities such as traces of iron.

 Hydrochloric acid is very clear and water white in colour.

Composition –

Muriatic Acid – Muriatic Acid is composed of HCl along with other molecules such as H2SO4 and iron.

Hydrochloric Acid – Hydrochloric acid is composed only of HCl molecules.

Purity –

Miric acid is a less pure or industrial grade version of hydrochloric acid.

Hydrochloric acid is the technical grade of the HCL product with no impurities.

Baume Rating –

Muriatic Acid РMuriatic Acid has relatively a low Baume rating value. 

Hydrochloric Acid – Hydrochloric acid has relatively a high Baume rating value.

Usage – 

Muriatic Acid – Muriatic acid is used for industrial grade applications such as cleaning. 

Hydrochloric Acid – Hydrochloric acid is mostly used in chemical laboratories for analytical purposes.

Hydrochloric Acid And Muriatic Acid
Muriatic Acid

Key Areas Covered

What is Muriatic Acid 

Definition, Properties, Uses

What is Hydrochloric Acid

Definition, Properties, Uses

What is the difference between Muriatic Acid and Hydrochloric Acid 

Comparison of Key Differences.

Interesting Facts

Every acid damages the skin due to its corrosive nature.

Care must be taken when handling acid.

Hydrochloric acid is a good example for a strong acid.

Hydrochloric acid is made up of only HCl molecules.

Muriatic acid is composed of impurities with HCl molecules.

Conclusion

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